Breed History & Time line from 2016
The Chuandong Hound [pronounced; Chan dong] is an ancient and unique breed in 1987 Archaeologist’s found sculptures of an unknown breed of dog in an ancient tomb which dated back to the time of the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD) as more tombs were found in the Chongqing area more statues were found suggesting that this particular breed was held in high esteem by the people of that era.
Dogs were found in the surrounding area that closely resembled the statues these were functional agile hunting dogs that were also companion dogs that lived with the family these dogs were highly prized by their owners. The origin of the breed is in the Chongqing region which belongs to the eastern part of the Sichuan province located in the moutain area of southwest China where the communities were very isolated in each area the breed had different names e.g Chuandong dog, East Sichuan Hunting dog, Bamboo Ratter, Mountain dog, Hechuan dog, Pak Tin Par dog, Linshui dog, etc.
The unique appearance of the Chuandong Hound is due to the long period of natural evolution with no influence from the outside World this has guaranteed the genetic purity of the breed we see today natural selection has successfully eliminated undesirable traits, it is fantastic that the breed is preserved in its natural form and looks practically identical to the potteries from the Han dynasty. It is known that in the Han court hundreds of dogs were kept different breeds each for its own purpose they had small companion dogs, hunting dogs and strong guard dogs but they also reared some for food!
Liu Bang founder of the Han dynasty was a farmer before he bacame an emperor this period in Chinese history is known as a time of great prosperity Liu Bang introduced efficient rules in economy and encouraged agriculture which was unique in the world at that time, China’s aristocracy and most of the farmers were wealthy and had a good life they all had a passion for dogs the aristocracy kept Han dogs as a status symbol. Unfortunately with the arrival of the Ming Dynasty when the people were in poverty the number of dogs decreased rapidly and whole breeds were almost lost!
After the establishment of the People’s Republic of China (1949) the dog population was essentially eliminated dogs were considered as inheritance of capitalism farmers who kept dogs for hunting had to pay high taxes (few dogs were seen in the city’s) during this time the Chuandong Hound was on the edge of extinction! only the best animals were used for hunting and breeding, the breed’s multifunctional character saved it from being completely lost from us today we are lucky that the breed was highly prized by it’s owners as a scent hunting hound. When pet ownership was allowed in the 1980’s families moving from rural areas into Chongqing City took their dogs with them as pets in a few generations these dogs had evolved to cope better with City living a more placid stockier dog with a different head type to the original hunting hound.
The breed was named as the ‘Chinese Chongqing dog’ in the year 2000 to avoid the confusion caused by the many names used in the different areas surrounding Chongqing City with ‘Hunting type’ and ‘City type’ used to distinguish between the two varieties each of these now had their own strong following of owners and breeders. Sadly from 2002 to 2004 there was an outbreak of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) in the region the Chinese government had many of the dogs in the Cities killed along with many other local dogs in an attempt to stop the spread of the disease by the end of the SARS epidemic the number of Chongqing Dogs had reduced from an estimated 5,000-10,000 to a mere 200 or so! with only the farmer’s dogs and dogs that were taken into the Mountains to keep them safe surviving.
Today the Chongqing dog is kept by breeders in urban areas who sell them as a companion dog owners and breeders in the rural areas still value the breed as a true hunting dog. The breed is still rarer than the much prized ‘Giant Panda’ and until recently not known of even in other parts of China! It is a true survivor that has proved it’s worth over 20 Centuries having the ability to adapt to numerous tasks. In the last decade their unique look bamboo tail, black/bluish spotted tongue, single coat and spectacular character has started to attract attention from the ‘West’ …
In 2016 the China Kennel Union (CKU) set up the ‘Chinese Native Breed Conservation Club’ headed by Mr Franki Leung who started to work with enthusiasts of the breed Franki pushed to seperate the dogs into two distinct breeds as he was aware that a breed standard could not incorporate the two established ‘types’
It was decided that the City type would retain the name ‘Chongqing Dog’ [FCI Group 2] a companion dog based in urban areas. The Hunting type was given the name ‘Chuandong Hound’ [FCI Group 6] Chuandong is Chinese for East Sichuan which is the name of the area surrounding Chongqing City where these Hounds are still highly prized as a hunting dog.
While establishing a so called ‘New’ breed they are in fact respecting the history of a working scent hound that is over 2,000 years old!
CKU Set up the Native breeds conservation club
Mr Franki Leung heads the Native breeds conservation club, working with enthusiasts of the breed to decide the way forward.
CKU establish two seperate breeds
Chongqing Dog [FCI Group 2]
Chuandong Hound, [FCI Group 6]
U.K. Chuandong Hound Club established
The club’s Ethics and Constitution are in line with the UK Kennel Club, we now have 300+ members (Aug 2020) in a Group off our Facebook page.
*New members always welcome*
CKU Speciality show in Chongqing
CKU Officials take blood samples, pictures, videos and measurements which will be used to produce seperate Breed Standards.
CKU publish the two Breed Standards
The Standards are added to the CKU website, it was some months before we had an English version.
CKU Registrations are made available to owners outside of China
Detailed pictures, measurements and Blood samples are sent for each dog, these dogs will be recorded as the First generation registered with the CKU.
CKU Recognise Mr Franki Leung
Mr Franki Leung is appointed as Deputy Secretary General of the China Kennel Union in recognition of his years of hard work.
First breed seminar held outside of China (Holland)
The seminar’s speaker was Mr Franki Leung who also judged the show for both the Chuandong Hound and the Chongqing Dog.